Finnish Passport Records


[ Finland, Åland Islands ]

According to a regulation from 1862 all Finns needed a passport to travel abroad. Passports were issued by county government boards (in Finnish lääninhallitus, in Swedish länsstyrelse), borough administrators in towns (in Finnish maistraatti, in Swedish magistrat), sheriff of the Åland Islands, sheriff of Lapland and the Finnish passport bureau in St. Petersburg. The oldest passport list is from 1810 and the lists are complete since 1893. All passports since 1960 are issued by the local police.

The content of the passport list varies and in 1900 they were standardized and the same format was used by the entire country. The most accurate lists include the name of the person who received the passport, occupation, civil status, religion, date of birth, home district, date of passport issue, period of validity, destination and price of the passport.

In the passport lists usually only the country of destination is mentioned, not the exact place. It was possible to go to America with a passport issued for Sweden and many, particularly men of age for military service, traveled illegally without any passport at all.

FINLAND

Searchable database (with 128,000 records). The passport records has been transferred to computer by the Institute of Migration.

The list below show who issued passports in certain areas, which records are in the searchable database, which records can be found and which records are missing (note that all lists are complete since 1893) :

Passport Authority

In the Database
(April 12, 2002)

Existing

Missing

Uusimaa provincial government -

1865-92

-

Turku and Pori provincial government 1889-1892, 1899-1903

1865-92

-

Häme provincial government 1903-1904

1865-82, 1886-92

1883-85

Viipuri provincial government 1906-1909 (to America)

1865-85

1886-92

Mikkeli provincial government 1914-1915

1883-92

1865-82

Kuopio provincial government 1890-1899 (to Russia); 1900-1915 (to overseas countries)

1865-92

-

Vaasa provincial government 1896-1902

1865-92

-

Oulu provincial government 1897-1904, 1910-1912

1865-92

-

Hanko city administration 1900-1903

1877-78, 1880-92

1865-76, 1879

Mariehamn city administration -

1882-92

1865-81

Rauma city administration -

1865-77, 1879

1878, 1880-92

Uusikaupunki city administration -

1865-81, 1888-92

1882-87

Pori city administration -

1885-87, 1890-92

1865-84, 1888-89

Kristiinankaupunki city administration 1890-1891

1865-70, 1880-92

1871-79

Kaskinen city administration -

1874-92

1865-73

Kokkola city administration 1899-1902

1874-92

1865-73

Pietarsaari city administration -

1865-92

-

Uusikaarlepyy city administration -

1871-74, 1878-92

1875-77

Jyväskylä city administration -

1868, 1876, 1879-92

1865-67, 1869-75, 1877-78

Raahe city administration -

1865-92

-

Kokkola bailiff (nimismies, länsmannen) -

1885-92

-

Sheriff (kruununvouti, kronofogden) of the Åland Islands [see below]

1865-92

-

THE ÅLAND ISLANDS

Sheriff's Passport List 1863-1916

Borough Administrator's Passport List 1882-1903