Life in the New Finland Woods: The History of New Finland, Saskatchewan


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CONTENTS

Foreword, v
Acknowledgements, v
Messages, v
 
CHAPTER 1   INTRODUCTION
New Finland in Perspective:
1. Geography: Where and what is New Finland?, 1
2. History of the Finnish People, 4
3. Emigration from Finland, 6
4. Settlement of New Finland, 6
Early references, 8
Settlement figures, 9
Chronology, 9
Population comparisons, 12
5. Memoir by an original settler, 13
6. Reports by two government officials on a trip to New Finland, 15
7. Canadian reactions towards Finns, 21
 
CHAPTER 2   WORK
1. Introduction:
Sisu, 23
Progress in New Finland, 23
2. Farming
Farming Progress in New Finland, 26
Saskatchewan Wheat Pool, 32
New Finland Farmer's Union, 33
3. Other Work:
In the Sweat of thy Brow, 33
Sawing Wood: Saw Mills, 34
Building, Maintaining, and Naming Roads, 35
Installing Telephones, 36
Installing Power Lines, 37
Delivering Mail, 38
Blacksmithing, 38
Doctoring Animals, 39
Tanning Leather, 39
Mining: Limestone Pits, 39
Making Paint, 40
Watching the Weather, 40
Homemaking: Women's Work, 40
Cooking: Finnish Recipes, 43
Delivering Babies: Midwives, 45
 
CHAPTER 3   WORSHIP
1. St. John's Lutheran Church, 46
Affiliated Groups:
   New Finland Sewing Society, 50
   Gooswill Temperance Society, 52
   Women's Missionary Society, 53
Pastors:
   Ministry of Pastor Alex Wm. Koski, 53
   Ministry of Pastor Stan Richards, 56
2. Finnish National Lutheran Church, 56
3. Finnish Apostolic Lutheran Church, 57
4. Clayridge Full Gospel Church, 58
5. Cemeteries, 59
 
CHAPTER 4   CULTURE AND RECREATION
1. Juhannus, 61
2. The Sauna, 63
3. Music and Social Activity:
Musicians, 64
Dances, 67
New Finland Hall, 67
The Kantele, 69
4. Books:
The Kalevala, 69
New Finland Lending Library, 71
5. Sports, 72
Grove Park Athletic Association, 75
 
CHAPTER 5   EDUCATION
1. Schools:
New Finland, 77
Deerwood, 79
Grove Park, 81
Nurmi Oja, 82
Convent Creek, 85
2. Points of View:
A Teacher Remembers, 87
A Student Remembers, 87
 
CHAPTER 6   TRIBUTES AND MEMORIES
1. A Tribute to My Grandma Jenny Huhtala, 90
2. Poem, 91
3. An Interview with Werner Pahkala, 91
4. Heritage, 93
5. Diaries of Emil Mustama, 93
6. A Conversation with Maria Mustama, 94
7. The Good Life, 95
8. The Nahkala Women, 95
9. A Memoir, 96
10. Pioneer Wife, 97
11. Autobiography, 97
12. Reminiscences, 98
13. On the Banks of the Qu'Appelle, 98
14. Childhood Memories, 100
15. Some Customs, 100
16. Childhood Vignettes, 100
17. Hired Men, 102
18. Pedlars, 102
19. Salute to New Finland, 102
20. The Clayridge Country Store, 102
 
CHAPTER 7   FAMILY HISTORIES
1. New Finland Families, 104
2. Itinerants, 303
3. Honor Roll of Soldiers, 304
Time Line of Events, 306
Notes, 307
Bibliography, 308