In-Group Finnish Place Names - Michigan


Ala-Niemeke or Ala-Niemi Lower Peninsula
  A word-for-word translation from English.

Source: Kaups 1967, p. 343.

Alue Allouez
  Source: Kaups 1967, p. 345.
Amerikan Lappi  
  The entire Upper Peninsula, and the Keweenaw Peninsula in particular, was dubbed as Amerikan Lappi, "America's Lapland". See also Yhdysvaltain Lappi.

Source: Kaups 1967, p. 343.

Balmannin Saari Point Mills
  Saari = island.

Balmann's Island.

Source: Kaups 1967, p. 343.

Elokontri  
In the Copper Country. Source: Mail from JK/6.4.1999.
Etelä kylä  
The inhabitants take part in church life in Ironwood. Source: Ilmonen 1926, p. 128.
Etelä-Niemi, Etelä Niemimaa Southern Peninsula
  A word-for-word translation from English.

Source: Kaups 1967, p. 343 & Kaups 1978, p. 54.

Finlandkontri  
  Kontri is a region or land = country.
Haarala  
  Haara = branch.

Haarala (haarala, "branch", "fork"), which receive its in-group name from its geographical location near a railroad branch line about one mile to the S of the Boston mine, was at first a lumber camp. Its Finnish proprietor, Anders Johnson, and some of the Finnish lumberjacks bought the area under cultivation in the early 1890's.

Source: Kaups 1978, p. 60.

Hajuwesi  
  Haju = smell; vesi = water.

Hajuwesi (hajuvesi, "perfume", "toilet water") settlement, located along the Calumet-Hancock railroad line some five miles to the S of Calumet, founded in 1884.

Source: Kaups 1978, p. 60.

Heinola  
  Source: Ilmonen 1926, p. 112.
Heusan kylä  
Along the way to Baraga. Kylä = village.

One of the inhabitants was Kalle Heusa from Sievi, Finland.

Source: Ilmonen 1926, p. 118.

Huruntauni Hurontown
Near Houghton, Houghton County. Source: Kaups 1967, p. 345.
Isokuru  
  Source: Mail from JK/6.4.1999.
Joupinkylä  
A village in the Township of Kalevala. Source: Ilmonen 1926, p. 148.
Järvenranta  
  Source: Ilmonen 1926, p. 102.
Kakaranvaara  
  Source: Mail from JK/6.4.1999.
Kalma or Kalma kaupunki Calumet
  Kaupunki = town, city.

Source: Kaups 1967, p. 345.

Kanniaisenkylä  
A village in the Township of Kalevala. One of the settlers was Kustaa Kanniainen from Oulu, Finland.

Source: Ilmonen 1926, p. 148.

Kantoniemen kylä  
  Only Finnish inhabitants.

Source: Ilmonen 1926, p. 128.

Karjala  
In the Lake Linden valley. Karjala is the Finnish name of Karelia.

Source: Ilmonen 1926, p. 105; Kaups 1967, p. 343.

Kaskenkylä  
  Kaski = burn-beat; kasken is the genitive form; kylä = village.

A farming area.

Source: Ilmonen 1926, p. 98.


"Burnt-over clearing village".

Source: Kaups 1967, p. 344.

Kekkosenkylä  
Near Allouez. Kekkonen is a Finnish surname.

Peter Kekkonen is one of the farmers.

Source: Ilmonen 1926, p. 104.

Kollola  
In the Copper Country. Source: Mail from JK/6.4.1999.
Kuolemakuru  
  Source: Mail from JK/6.4.1999.
Kuortaneen kylä  
Farming area near Winthrop. Most of the inhabitants come from Kuortane in Finland.

Source: Ilmonen 1926, p. 121.

Kuparialue  
  Kupari = copper; alue = area.

The Keewenaw copper mining region, "Copper Country".

Source: Kaups 1967, p. 343.

Kuparisaari  
The N part of Keweenaw Peninsula. See also Vaskisaari. Kupari = copper; saari = island.

In the 1860's, Finns had coined Kuparisaari or "Copper Island", a term that identified that portion of the Keweenaw Peninsula which lay to the N of Portage Lake. Later the designation Kuparisaari came to include some of the territory to the S of Portage Lake as well. In its broadest meaning it included the entire copper mining district of Keweenaw Peninsula.

Source: Kaups 1967, p. 343.

Kurikankylä  
A small settlement close to Ishpeming. Most settlers were from Kurikka in Finland.

Source: Ilmonen 1926, p. 120.

Kurjala Toivola
A populated place in  Houghton County, SW of Houghton. Kurja = miserable.

In the 1890's Toivola was locally known as Kurjala.

Source: Kaups 1967, p. 344.

Kuusamonkuru  
  Source: Mail from JK/6.4.1999.
Kyrö  
  Named after Isokyrö parish in Finland.

Source: Kaups 1967, p. 343.

Käärmetörmä  
Near Hancock. Source: Ilmonen 1926, p. 107.
Lapinkylä  
A village in the Township of Kalevala. The first settler was Tobias Lappi.

Source: Ilmonen 1926, p. 148.

Leinosen kylä  
The civil service belongs to Wisconsin, but church life belongs to Ironwood. Leinonen is a Finnish surname.

Source: Ilmonen 1926, p. 128.

Metsistö  
Near Cooks, Schoolcraft County. The in-group name for a lumbering area around the turn of the century near Cooks.

Source: Kaups 1967, p. 343.

Mustajoki  
  Source: Ilmonen 1926, p. 128.
Mäenkylä  
A village in the Township of Kalevala. Source: Ilmonen 1926, p. 148.
Nujulankylä  
Farming area close to Mohawk. Source: Ilmonen 1926, p. 104.
Oja Dover
  Source: Ilmonen 1926, p. 100.
Onkalonkylä  
Near South Range. Is this the same place as Onkalo's Corner?

Source: Mail from JK/6.4.1999.

Opistonniemi College Point
  A name used by students and faculty of Suomi College in Hancock.

Source: Kaups 1967, p. 344.

Pohjois kylä North Ironwood
  Pohjoinen = northern; kylä = village.

Earlier name Montreal.

Source: Ilmonen 1926, p. 128.

Pohjois-Niemi, Pohjois Niemimaa, Pohjoinen Niemimaa Northern Peninsula
  A word-for-word translation from English.

Source: Kaups 1967, p. 343 & Kaups 1978, p. 54.

Punkaharju  
Near Dollar Bay. Source: Ilmonen 1926, p. 106.
Puustisenkylä  
A village in the Township of Kalevala. Puustinen is a Finnish surname.

Source: Ilmonen 1926, p. 148.

Rantakylä  
A farming area six miles from Hancock along the canal. Source: Ilmonen 1926, p. 100.
Rauhanlaakso  
Nearly two miles from Chassell. Source: Ilmonen 1926, p. 108.
Rautarännsi Iron Range
  Source: Kaups 1967, p. 343.
Reispoint Rice Point
A cape in Chippewa County. Source: Kaups 1978, p. 57.
Riihikontri  
In the Copper Country. Source: Mail from JK/6.4.1999.
Salo  
  A farming area settled by the Finns, settling started in 1900. Finnish Sunday school and summer school, but church activities take place in Hancock.

Source: Ilmonen 1926, p. 99.

Salokylä  
  Source: Kaups 1967, p. 344.
Saukkojärvi Otter Lake
A lake in Houghton County. Saukko = otter; järvi = lake.

Source: Ilmonen 1926, p. 109; Kaups 1967, p. 343.

Sikakuu Chicago
  Sika = pig; kuu = moon, month.

Source: Kaups 1978, p. 54.

 

Soo kanava Sault Ste. Marie
  Kanava = canal.

Source: Kaups 1967, p. 345.

Tower-oja Dover Creek
  Finns had settled along Dover Creek, a place name which they changed to Tower-oja (oja, "ditch"), located to the S and E of Calumet.

Source: Kaups 1978, p. 60.

Töylin kylä  
  Source: Ilmonen 1926, p. 128.
Urhola Toivola
A populated place in  Houghton County, SW of Houghton. Urho is a Finnish male name.
Urho = hero.

In the 1890's Toivola was locally known as Urhola.

Source: Kaups 1967, p. 344.

Uusi-Suomi  
  New Finland.

Source: Kaups 1967, p. 343 & 345.

Vaasa  
A farming area close to the Boston mining area. Vaasa is a city in Ostrobothnia, Finland.

Source: Ilmonen 1926, p. 99; Kaups 1967, p. 343.

Waasa Siding  
  Source: Ilmonen 1926, p. 116.
Vaskisaari, Waskisaari  
The N part of Keweenaw Peninsula. See also Kuparisaari. Vaski = copper; saari = island.

In the 1860's, Finns had coined Kuparisaari or "Copper Island", a term that identified that portion of the Keweenaw Peninsula which lay to the N of Portage Lake. At time Kuparisaari was also known as Vaskisaari.

Source: Kaups 1967, p. 343.

Verkonperä  
  Source: Mail from JK/6.4.1999.
Wiitalankylä  
A village in the Township of Kalevala. Named after the settler Johan Wiitala, from Alavus in Finland.

Source: Ilmonen 1926, p. 148.

Wirrankylä  
  The first Finns arrived in 1900.

Source: Ilmonen 1926, p. 107.


Named after an early settler, Erkki Wirtanen.

Source: Kaups 1967, p. 344.

Yhdysvaltain Lappi  
  The entire Upper Peninsula, and the Keweenaw Peninsula in particular, was dubbed as Yhdysvaltain Lappi, the "United States' Lapland". See also Amerikan Lappi. According to Järnefelt, the epithet stems from the fact that "Winter is very cold and snowy over there in Upper-Michigan. Finns therefore call the region the United States' Lapland".

Source: Kaups 1967, p. 343.

Ylinkanava  
  Ylin = uppermost; kanava = canal.

The northern part of the Portage Lake Ship Canal.

Source: Kaups 1978, p. 54.

Ylistaronkylä  
A village in the Township of Kalevala. Ylistaro is a parish in Finland.

Source: Ilmonen 1926, p. 148.

Ylä-Niemeke or Ylä-Niemi Upper Peninsula
  A word-for-word translation from English.

Source: Kaups 1967, p. 343.